To achieve this propose it enforces discipline and uses authority, entering into the soul and ruling with undisputed sway.
Therefore for the fascist, everything is in the state, and no human or spiritual thing exists, or has any sort of value, outside the state.
But any notion that Mussolini sold out is more far-fetched than the theory that Lenin seized power because he was paid by the German government to take Russia out of the war. Most of the early Fascist leaders had spent years trying to get the workers to become revolutionary.
Italy had also found a new ally.
In this weeks, Biographics we track the life and death of Benito Mussolini. Mussolini thus legally reached power in accordance with the Statuto Albertinothe Italian Constitution.
He expected that both decadent bourgeois democracy and dogmatic Marxism-Leninism would everywhere give way to Fascism, that the twentieth century would be a century of Fascism.
He also developed cordial relations with Adolf Hitler which culminated in the Pact of Steel military alliance between the two nations. In the wake of his victory, ecstatic Fascist roamed the streets in search of down heartened Socialists that they could terrorize.
Meanwhile, Mussolini was being held at a resort-turned prison at Campo Imperatore in the Alps.
Kingdom of Italy under Fascism — After a drastic modification of electoral legislation the Acerbo Lawthe Fascist Party clearly won the highly controversial elections of April Share Tweet Subscribe He was the father of Fascism, the iron fisted dictator who ruled Italy for more than two decades.
There is a freedom in times of peace which is not the freedom of times of war. Mussolini returned to Switzerland and took classes at the University of Lausanne in the Department of Social Sciences.
The Sammarinese Fascist Party established an early Fascist government in San Marinotheir politico-philosophic basis essentially was Italian Fascism.
With no sign of capitulation by the government, Mussolini decided to stage a coup by marching on Rome. Experience of current and recent events showed that workers had little interest in the class struggle but were prone to patriotic sentiment.
When things went well, it was all thanks to Il Duce the leader However, when things went wrong it was never his fault. The Italian parliament was replaced in duties by the Chamber of Fasci and Corporationssolely filled with Fascist Party members.
It lauded the esthetic value of speed, intensity, modern machinery, and modern war. Fascism was a doctrine well elaborated years before it was named. This repression hit moderate Liberals and Catholics as well as Socialists.
He was also intelligent, and he passed his final examinations without difficulty. Im politischen Denken Alessandro Mussolinis mischten sich Elemente des damals in Italien noch kaum rezipierten Marxismus mit sozialreformistischen und bakunistischen Positionen. I believe the essence and fundamentals of the doctrine are still to be found in the postulates which throughout two years have acted as a call to arms for the recruits of Italian Fascism.
The campaign to support the German invasion of the Soviet Union also failed disastrously and condemned thousands of ill-equipped Italian troops to a nightmarish winter retreat.
REJECTION OF MARXISM Such a conception of life makes Fascism the resolute negation of the doctrine underlying so-called scientific and Marxian socialism, the doctrine of historic materialism which would explain the history of mankind in terms of the class struggle and by changes in the processes and instruments of production, to the exclusion of all else.
Breve preludio, in Diuturna, Milano, Alpes,p. Indeed, it was during those years that Fascist thought armed, refined itself, and proceeded ahead with its organization.Benito Mussolini was an Italian politician, journalist, and leader of the National Fascist Party who is commonly recognized as the founding figure of Italian Fascism.
Mussolini was one of the dictators in 20th century Europe who left a lasting legacy. From Socialist to Fascist Mussolini deserted the Socialist Party in to cross over to the enemy camp, the Italian middle class.
Benito Mussolini, an Italian World War I veteran and publisher of Socialist newspapers, breaks with the Italian Socialists and establishes the nationalist Fasci di Combattimento, named after the.
Benito Mussolini: Benito Mussolini, Italian prime minister (–43) and the first of 20th-century Europe’s fascist dictators. THE DOCTRINE OF FASCISM. BENITO MUSSOLINI () (ONLY COMPLETE OFFICIAL TEXT ON THE INTERNET) (This article, co-written by Giovanni Gentile, is considered to be the most complete articulation of Mussolini's political views.
The National Fascist Party (Italian: Partito Nazionale Fascista, PNF) was an Italian political party, created by Benito Mussolini as the political expression of fascism (previously represented by groups known as Fasci).The party ruled Italy from when Fascists took power with the March on Rome towhen Mussolini was deposed .Download